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Vol. 85. Issue 1.
Pages 88-89 (January - March 2020)
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Vol. 85. Issue 1.
Pages 88-89 (January - March 2020)
Clinical image in Gastroenterology
Open Access
Inferior mesenteric arteriovenous fistula
Fístula arteriovenosa mesentérica inferior
U.G. Rossia,b,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author. Departmento de Imágen Diagnóstica – Unidad de Radiología Intervencionista. E.O. Hospital Galliera, Mura delle Cappuccine, 14 - 16128 Genoa, Italy. Tel.: -39 010 5634154. Fax: +-39 010 5634154.
, L. Bacigalupoa,b, M. Cariatib
a Departamento de Imagen Diagnóstica – Unidad de Radiología Intervencionista, E.O. Hospital Galliera, Genoa, Italy
b Departamento de Tecnología Avanzada de Diagnóstico y Terapia – Radiología y Unidad de Radiología Intervencionista, ASST Santi Paolo y Carlo - Hospital San Carlo Borromeo, Milan, Italy
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A 63-year-old woman, with a history of cirrhosis and high blood pressure, was referred to our emergency department with lower abdominal pain and hematochezia. She had not undergone any previous abdominal surgery or trauma. The abdominal examination was normal and laboratory tests demonstrated a hemoglobin value of 98.60 g/dl. Colonoscopy did not highlight any changes in the mucosa. An abdominal multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) scan demonstrated hypertrophy of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), with an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and a dilated inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) (Fig. 1). The cirrhotic appearance of the liver, along with portal vein occlusion, were noted. Medical treatment of high blood pressure was begun. The patient refused the invasive treatments of IMA-IMV AVF embolization or abdominal surgery. No other episode of hematochezia occurred during hospitalization and the patient was discharged with a clinical, laboratory, and imaging follow-up program.

Figure 1.

Abdominal MDCT with coronal volume rendering reconstruction shows an IMA-IMV AVF composed of a hypertrophic IMA (red vessel) with an AVF (arrowhead) at its distal third (pelvic region) and a dilated IMV (blue vessel).


IMA-IMV AVFs are extremely rare. Clinical symptoms are due to shunting-related arterial flow and pressure changes. The definitive diagnosis of vascular pathology is made through imaging studies (MDCT or DSA). Symptomatic IMA-IMVV AVFs can be treated with percutaneous endovascular embolization of the feeding artery (if no bowel resection is needed) or surgery.

Ethical disclosures

Protection of human and animal subjects. The authors declare that no experiments were performed on humans or animals for this study.

Protection of human and animal subjects. The authors declare that the procedures followed were in accordance with the regulations of the relevant clinical research ethics committee and with those of the Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki).

Confidentiality of data. The authors declare that they have followed the protocols of their work center on the publication of patient data.

Right to privacy and informed consent. The authors have obtained the written informed consent of the patients or subjects mentioned in the article. The corresponding author is in possession of this document.

Ethics committee: E.O. Galliera Hospital and Regional Ethics committee.

Financial disclosure

No financial support was received in relation to this article.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Please cite this article as: Rossi UG, Bacigalupo L, Cariati M. Fístula arteriovenosa mesentérica inferior. Revista de Gastroenterología de México. 2020;85:88–89.

Copyright © 2019. Asociación Mexicana de Gastroenterología
Revista de Gastroenterología de México
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